The Free Online Survival Guide

Discussion in 'General Preparedness Discussion' started by Westfalia, Apr 8, 2011.

  1. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    During the last two years I have written over 40 articles about Survival, Crisis Preparedness and Survivalism. The articles have been ordered in Chapter into The Free Online Survival Guide. The Guide is written to be a free resource for anyone how would like to learn more about subject and can be accessed for Free in its entirety on my blog Sibi Totique.

    Chapter One
    1.) Get the ability to cope with a Crisis Situation
    2.) Risk Assessments
    3.) The Media in a Crisis or Survival Situation
    4.) How you can reduce your own vulnerability
    5.) Travelling with vehicles during a crisis or survival situation.
    6.) Staying warm during a survival or crisis situation
    7.) Light during Emergencies and Survival situations
    8.) Survival Training
    9.) Responding to an emerging crisis

    Chapter Two – Water and Food
    1.) Water
    2.) Food and Starvation

    Chapter Three – Bugging Out
    Introduction to Bug Out Bags and Evacuation
    1.) Bug Out Guide and Checklist
    2.) Light Weight Bug Out Bags
    3.) Bugging Out as a Group
    4.) Bugging Out Using Bikes
    5.) Building a Bug Out Bag On A Budget
    6.) Bug Out Bag - Examples of Setups
    7.) Light Weight Bug Out Bags - Examples of Setups

    Chapter Four
    1.) Equipment list for your home – Check List
    2.) Pocket Survival Kits
    3.) Survival Knives
    4.) Equipment and Techniques to start a Fire
    5.) Scandinavian Survival Equipment
    6.) Get Home Bag (GHB)
    7.) Every Day Carry (EDC)

    Chapter Five
    1.) Human Conflict, Wars and Survival
    2.) Peace Building and State building missions
    3.) Private Military Companies, Private Security Companies and Mercenaries

    Chapter Six – Weapons of Mass Destruction
    1.) Biological Warfare and Disease
    2.) Chemical Warfare
    3.) Nuclear Weapons and Radioactive Dangers

    Chapter Seven
    1.) The Collapse of Civilizations and Societies: Part One
    2.) The Collapse of Civilizations and Societies: Part Two

    Chapter Eight
    1.) Peak Oil
    2.) The Limits To Growth

    Chapter Nine - Natural Disasters
    1.) Earthquakes
    2.) Volcanoes
    3.) Tsunami

    Chapter Ten - The Psychology of Survival
    1.) The Basic Mindset for Survival

    Chapter Eleven - For Swedish Survivalists
    1.) For Swedish Survivalists

    Chapter Twelve - Movies, Videos and Books
    1.) List of Survival Related Documentaries and Videos
    2.) Survival Related Blogs and WebPages
    3.) Recommended Books and Your Survival Library

    Other Articles
    Survivalism for Dummies

    Feedback and Critique
    The Free Online Survival Guide is an organic growing Guide to that I edit and change as it gets more and more parts. If there is some part of the Guide that you like, or don’t like I would like to get feedback on this so that I can make it a better recourse for anyone how would like access it.

    So what I would like to know is:
    • What did you like?
    • What didn’t you like?
    • Is there any part that you feel is missing?
    • Is there any specific equipment that you feel that I missed in the Guide that other should know about?
    • What other parts would you like to see?
     
  2. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Sample Article: Bub Out Guide and Checklist
    Evacuation in case of a major disaster or crisis is a subject that is often discussed
    among survivalists. The situation that you are trying to prepare for is a scenario when you will be forced to leave your home because of some kind of Natural or Man Made disaster. I recommend that you make a Risk Assessment and check for possible threats in your proximity that may force you to take this kind of action. Examples events can be a hurricane, flooding, dam brake or nuclear power plant meltdown. A Bug Out Bag (BOB) is a bag with all the equipment that you need to survive for a few days on your own. A BOB can also be called a 72 hour bag/kit, Get Out Of Dodge (GOOD) Bag or I’m Never Coming Home (INCH) Bag.

    If you’re going to be bugging out there is a chance that normal communication like travelling by roads with cars or buses will not function as normally or stop working completely due to heavy traffic and you will be forced to make your escape by foot. Plan ahead and check possible routes on maps. Will different scenarios affect your route, will roads be under water in case of a dam brake etc. Next I recommend that you take your car, bike or simply go by foot on the best routes that you can identify. Write down the information you notice, is there anywhere you can find shelter, landmarks and where can water be found? Water is the most critical aspect and must govern your planning.

    If you have to leave by foot you will have to carry all your equipment, this will not be an easy task for an untrained individual. Get in shape by training at least three times a week and take walks with your BOB to train the muscles in your back, the same for the shoes: start wearing them before you have to use them to prevent blisters. Get your teeth fixed as well, there an excellent tool if there not broken or damaged. If you never been camping or hiking make sure that you do that, there is no better way to learn what you really will need. I recommend this equipment for a BOB, or the following things when you go camping or hiking.

    Clothing
    [ ] Long sleeve base layer shirt (I recommend Merino Wool)
    [ ] Short sleeve base layer shirt
    [ ] Change of underwear
    [ ] Hat or Watch cap
    [ ] Gloves
    [ ] Buff, Scarf or Shemag
    [ ] Shell Jacket (Waterproof and Wind Proof)
    [ ] Warm long sleeve shirt
    [ ] Heavy Duty Pants
    [ ] Poncho, Rain Clothing, Bivanorak or Fjellduk
    [ ] Hiking Boots
    [ ] 2 pair of Extra socks
    [ ] Watch with a button compass on the wrist band

    Backpack
    Choose a backpack with a steel or aluminum frame, if you’re going to carry a heavy load over some distance you’re going to need a pack with stability. If the frame is internal or external is a question of what you prefer, both have advantages and disadvantages. Backpacks with external frames are generally stronger and can be used to carry other things than your bag like a wounded person or a heavy tank of water. Packs with an internal frame are often lighter and have a more slim design. Pack your items in waterproof bags; use different colors so that you know what’s inside the different bags. A waterproof backpack cover can also help keeping your equipment dry. Cell Phones and other electronic equipment are vulnerable to dirt and water; get a waterproof bag or container to store them in. Pack certain equipment like your first aid kit in a location that is easily accessible if you would need them. Always put the same items in the same location in your bag so you don’t have to spend much time looking for your items, this also makes easier to see if something would be missing from your pack. Always carry at least one knife and your pocket survival kit on your person in case you would lose your backpack.

    Shelter
    [ ] Sleeping bag, Sleeping bag liners helps to extend the lifetime of your sleeping bag
    [ ] Sleeping mattress, Hammock or Hennessy Hammock
    [ ] Tarp, Tent, Bivanorak, Fjellduk or Bivi-bag

    Light
    [ ] Flashlight or/and Headlamp (LED)
    [ ] Extra batteries (Lithium)

    Fire
    [ ] Matches in waterproof container
    [ ] Lighter
    [ ] Fire steel
    [ ] Tinder

    Survival Knives
    [ ] Fixed Blade Knife
    [ ] Back up knife: examples could be a Folding knife, Compact Fixed Blade Knife, Multi Tool or Swiss Army Knife
    [ ] Sharpener

    Pocket Survival Kit
    [ ] Matches
    [ ] Fire steel
    [ ] Snare wire
    [ ] Wire saw
    [ ] Sewing kit
    [ ] Button compass
    [ ] Safety pins
    [ ] Whistle
    [ ] Candle
    [ ] Compact LED lamp
    [ ] Compact knife or razor blade
    [ ] Fishing kit
    [ ] Pencil
    [ ] Water Purification Tablets
    [ ] Painkillers
    [ ] Anti Diarrhea Tablets
    [ ] Antihistamines
    [ ] Antibiotics
    [ ] Condom or Alok Sak

    Water
    [ ] One or Two Water Bottles (Nalgene, Klean Kanteen, Camelback or SIGG)
    [ ] Water Bladder for your backpack; Camelback, Nalgene or similar system.
    [ ] Water Purification Tablets
    [ ] Water Purification Filter

    Food
    [ ] Freeze Dried Rations or Meals Ready to Eat (MRE:s). Minimum 6 meals for 72 hours
    [ ] Powerbars, Flapjack, Beef jerky, Trail mix or other snacks
    [ ] Tea, Coffee, Sugar and Powdered milk
    [ ] Salt and Pepper

    [ ] Stove: Multi Fuel Stove, Kelly Kettle, Trangia, Ebsit, Optimus Crux Lite or Jetboil
    [ ] Fuel for your stove
    [ ] Cooking Vessels
    [ ] Spork (Or Knife, Fork and Spoon)
    [ ] Cup
    [ ] Steel wool, Mop and Washing Up Liquid (I recommend Fairy)
    [ ] P-38 Can Opener

    [ ] Map
    [ ] Waterproof container for map
    [ ] Compass
    [ ] Cash or Gold/Silver
    [ ] Passport and Immunization Record Card
    [ ] Notebook and Pen

    [ ] Kwikpoint

    Hygiene
    [ ] Roll of toilet paper (in waterproof bag)
    [ ] Soap
    [ ] Toothbrush, Toothpaste and Dental Floss
    [ ] Razor
    [ ] Hand Disinfection
    [ ] Insect Repellant
    [ ] Sun Block or Skin Care Lotion
    [ ] 550 Paracord
    [ ] First Aid Kit
    [ ] Blister Kit
    [ ] Sunglasses

    Other Equipment that can be useful depending on the Scenario
    It is impossible to bring all equipment that can be needed during a survival situation, choices must be made. Examples of equipment that can be useful are a compact radio or scanner, this may allow you to receive news, weather reports and listen to how government agencies are responding to an event. An Axe, Compact Shovel, Kukri, Machete, Folding Saw or Parang can be a useful tool for collecting firewood and constructing shelter. Binoculars can be a useful tool for scouting terrain and spotting potential threats and problems.

    A Speedy Stitcher can be useful if you have to sew in thick Nylon fabrics like backpacks or leather boots. A Global Positions System (GPS) device with topographic maps is an extremely useful tool, especially when navigating into unknown terrain or low visibility conditions. For signaling a Signal mirror, Chemical light sticks, SPOT or Emergency flares can be useful. Spare parts and repair kits for your stove, tents and sleeping mattress can be useful especially under long lasting emergencies.

    An extra pair of shoes in addition to your hiking boots like a pair of running shoes, light weight hiking shoes like a pair of Five Fingers or Merell Barefoot Trail Glove can be an extremely useful addition if your boots get wet when moving around or when you established a camp.

    A pair of trekking poles can be a great addition for keeping balance when going trough rough terrain, especially when wearing a heavy pack. For people with bad knees this can be a great help, trekking poles also make it easier to move around if you would suffer a sprained ankle.

    Other personal needs may be medications or an extra pair of glasses. A compact Survival Handbook or memory cards may also be useful addition during an emergency.

    Test all your equipment and learn how to use it.

    Advantages
    • A fully equipped Bug Out Bag can allow an individual to easier cope with a number of potential threats.
    • If for some reason help or security can’t be reached after a few days of travel the individual will have access to important equipped needed. During a large scale disaster it will be hard for government agencies being able to supply a large number of people with basic necessities; in this case you will have to make do with what you have.

    Disadvantages
    • A fully equipped Bug Out Bag will have a high weight that will slow down the pace during an evacuation by foot compared to a low weight evacuation kit. The weight means that an individual must be well-trained in order to carry it over long distances.
    • Buying all the equipment needed for a complete Bug Out Bag is a high cost, especially if high quality equipment preferred.

    Summary
    A fully equipped Bug Out Bag contains equipment that makes it possible to survive with very little or no external assistance. The major disadvantage is the high weight that must be carried; if a vehicle is available the weight does not matter as much, the high cost is also a disadvantage. If you decide to build a Bug Out Bag use it for other activities like hiking, camping and hunting so that you get familiar with the equipment. This also gives you a chance to enjoy the investment you made and enjoy outdoors activities. An alternative to going for the fully equipped Bug Out Bag is to build a Light Weight alternative.

    No matter how much equipment a BOB contains it will never contain all the equipment that you may need in all situations. You will have to improvise and make do with what’s available. Learning how to build fires, create shelter, navigate, preparing food and other survival skills are more important than what equipment you choose to carry with you. The people around you are another critical aspect, having a friend by your side is often a much more important aspect for survival than having the perfect equipment.
     

  3. rflood

    rflood Well-Known Member

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    Thanks for the heads up on this, looking forward to going through it.
     
  4. Clarice

    Clarice Well-Known Member

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    Thanks for the info.
     
  5. MrSfstk8d

    MrSfstk8d Well-Known Member

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    Is there a single take down, massive download, collection type thing for this? Like in a .pdf? Would love to have this for offline viewing. Great stuff.
     
  6. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Thanks for the kind words!

    MrSfstk8d: Not at this point. The blog is written to be a dynamic changing document; I’m constantly trying to edit the articles, work on the language and add information and figures to make it better and easier to understand. I’m also trying to keep links and equipment recommendations updated as new products enter the market. Especially flashlights and electronics are progressing very fast.

    My goal is however to release a PDF version before the end of the year so that people how would like to print the blog can do so.
     
  7. ReadyMom

    ReadyMom Well-Known Member

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    This is a HUGE undertaking and very well done! :2thumb: I'll be copying snips w/ links back to your blog, onto my EmergencyHomePreparation.org site and will be sharing the link on Amercan Preppers Network forum, as well!

    Thanks for taking so much of your time to pulling this together and continuing to make it more accessible via PDF and updates! :beercheer: -k
     
  8. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Building The Right Bug Out Bag For You

    Sibi Totique: Building The Right Bug Out Bag for You

    We spend an enormous amount of time debating what equipment that makes up the Perfect Bug Out Bag. We often see threads with questions about: Is this a good BOB? What should I bring in my BOB? What should I add to my setup? Do you need a tent? How long does the BOB have to support you?

    As I see it there is no Bug Out Bag that is perfect for every situation, every terrain, every setting, every climate, every person or every season. Context matters – One size does not fit all when it comes to Bug Out Bags. So instead of discussing what items that are the perfect items I think it would be interesting to discuss what factors that should affect a setup.

    In previous articles I have presented some suggestions for how you can build your own Bug Out Bag and what kind of items that you can use for bag. I have presented a maximalist approach in the article Bug Out Guide and Checklist and a minimalist approach in the article Light Weight Bug Out Bags. These Guides are intended to provide some inspiration and suggestions for what type of equipment that you can use, but building a Bug Out Bag that will truly work for you is more complicated than just following a checklist. This article will discuss some of the factors that will affect what type of setup that is most appropriate for you and the process of building it.

    Factors When Building a Bug Out Bag
    Factor 1: You
    As I see it the most important aspect of making it through a Survival Situation is You. It’s your effort, your Skills, your Knowledge, your Experience and your Will to Survive that will ultimately make biggest difference if you make it or not. The Bug Out Bag is important, but this is only a tool that will help you get the job done. It’s still you that will have to get the job done. It’s easy to discuss equipment, what items to store and other physical aspect of crisis preparedness and survivalism. But it’s important to not lose track of your prioritize and to continue to work on yourself as much as you work on your gear. Your Physical Fitness and Health are also crucial factors that will determine how much you can carry and how long distances you can carry it.

    Factor 2: Going At It Alone Or As A Group?
    The next important factor is if you are creating a kit just for you or for a group or family. This will affect your setup in many ways. I suggest that you build your setup so that you can cover your own basic needs if you would be unable to meet up with your group or get separated from them. For more advice on this subject check out the article Bugging Out As a Group.

    Factor 3: Climate and Terrain
    Your climate and terrain will affect the choice for Shelter, Clothing, how much water you have to carry, what food that is most appropriate and what type of source for light you should bring. Some people may have to travel through different types of terrains so solution for clothing and shelter must work for all this types of terrains.

    Factor 4: Season
    In many parts of the world the temperature, rain and wind vary over the seasons and the setup must be adjusted depending if it’s spring, summer, autumn or winter. This can affect factors like:
    • Clothing and Footwear
    • Shelter
    • What type of Stove and Food you should bring
    • The access to Water

    Factor 5: Your Every Day Carry and Pocket Survival Kit
    Most Survivalists will most likely have some form of a Every Day Carry or even a Pocket Survival Kit that they carry on an Every Day Basis. You should build your Bug Out Bag so that it complements your EDC and Pocket Survival Kit. Examples can be:
    • Trying to find products that use the same type of batteries for Flashlight, Headlamps, Radios, GPS units and other electronics.
    • Use different types of Equipment to Build a Fire in your Bug Out Bag, Pocket Survival Kit and in your Every Day Carry.

    Factor 6: Do You Use Your Bug Out Bag For Other Activities?
    Building a fully equipped Bug Out Bag can be a very costly process especially if high quality equipment is preferred. The equipment in your Bug Out Bag can also be used for a number of other activities like hiking, camping, hunting, fishing and other outdoor activities. If you engage in this type of activities I suggest that you try to find solutions and equipment that will the same functions both during this type of activities and during an evacuation. Using the same gear for different activities also give you the chance to get familiar with your equipment, learn how to use properly and see what works well and not. But most importantly it gives you the opportunity to enjoy the investment that you have made.

    Factor 7: What Kind Of Scenarios Do You Prepare For?
    What types of situations that you are trying to prepare for is also a critical aspect for what type of Bug Out Bag that you should put together. There is big difference if you are putting together a kit to assist for hurricane evacuation or to function as tool during a total breakdown of modern society. I suggest that you make a comprehensive Risk Assessment before you make up your mind about what type of situations that you base your BOB upon.

    Factor 8: Budget
    For most people the economical aspect will also limit what kind of setup that they can build. If one has an almost unlimited budget this is of little concern but for most people this will be a factor when deciding what setup they will build. I recommend that you try to prioritize the items that you will use often and try to build a basic well functioning setup that you can upgrade as you go. For the budget it can also be important that you get the right equipment the first time, it’s even more expensive to have to buy a completely new solution if you get a cheap piece of equipment that does not work.

    The Process of Building a Bug Out Bag
    Step1: Determining what you want the Bug Out Bag to Perform for YouAfter you have taken these factors into consideration you will face the process of putting the Bug Out Bag together. Taking a look at the different factors presented above can give you a basic idea of what you want the bag to do for you and what functions you want it to have.

    Step 2: Research
    From this perspective you will first have to make some research in order to find items that can allow you to perform these tasks. Picking the tools that can provide you with shelter, water and water purification, help you to build a fire, light, food and ability to prepare food, hygiene, first aid, navigation, a survival knife and other tools can be quite a long process. Here you also have to take factors like price, weight, quality and function into consideration. You should also consider how the different items that you have complement the other items that you choose and how they can help to reinforce your skills. I suggest that you try to check out equipment like clothing, tents, knives and other gear in a physical store before you purchase them, or check out what equipment, friends, family or professionals that work in your area use.

    Step 3: Acquire the Equipment
    After you decided what items you want to get you still have process of finding the items and buying them. You might already have some of the equipment needed in your possession or you might have to buy the equipment. Make sure that you check with your family, friends, at E-Bay and the second hand market and multiple sources before you buy a piece of equipment, you can often save allot of money by doing some research.

    Step 4: Test the Bug Out Bag
    After you have put the kit together you still have to test the kit so that you actually know if it performs as intended. Taking the Bag for a longer hike in your local terrain can give you the chance to practice skills but also to see what items that you really need and what items that you don’t need.

    Step 5: Adjust the Setup
    After you have tested the Bug Out Bag you normally make adjustments to the setup and question comes back again: What do you want your Bag to perform?

    One Size Does Not Fit All
    This article is written to give you some ideas of what factors that you have to take into consideration when building a Bug Out Bag. There can of course be more factors that have to be taken into consideration than the ones that have been mentioned above, every person has specific consideration that must govern what a specific setup should contain. The important aspect is that your BOB will reflect what you need and be designed for your particular situation. One Size does not fit all; this is something that applies to all kinds of crisis preparedness and survival situations. Others can often provide good suggestions and feedback but in the end you have to make the decisions for yourself.
     
  9. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Sibi Totique: Natural Disasters - Hurricanes

    Part 1 of 2

    There are many names for tropical costal storms. In the US they are known as Hurricanes, in other places as Typhoons, Tropical Depressions and Cyclones. These are all the same name for the same event, but the name varies between different regions. A Hurricane is a powerful storm that starts in the Tropics and may the travel from where they gain there in energy in form of heat. Hurricanes contain an incredible amount of energy. A hurricane can generate 100-400 times more energy than the worldwide production of electricity. This energy is comparable to the energy released from small nuclear weapons. This gives Hurricanes a capacity to inflict an enormous amount of damage.

    A Hurricane gathers energy from the warmth of the ocean water and can continue to gather energy until it reaches a coastline. When a Hurricane reaches a coastline it can no longer draw energy from the warm water of the ocean and will lose its momentum and energy. Its however possible to travel over land and then travel over an area of sea and start to regain its force once again. Hurricanes are most frequent from July to October in the North Atlantic but have occurred from May to December as well, this is from the need of warm water in the ocean from witch a Hurricane can draw its energy.

    A Hurricane rotates around the center of storm which is normally referred to as the Eye. When the strong Hurricane winds rotate the build up a mass of water in the center of the storm that can reach a height of several meters, when the hurricane hits a coastal area it’s not a normal wave but a enormous mountain of water in addition to high waves that can flood large areas. The wind and water from the Hurricane can cause massive damage to housing, infrastructure and communications; it can take a region several years to rebuild the damaged infrastructure. A hurricane can destroy businesses, workplaces and lead to severe economical consequences in addition to direct loses for individuals in form of housing and other belongings. The Strength of Hurricanes is often measured in the Saffir-Simpson Scale ranging from 1-5 where 1 is a relatively weak hurricane and 5 represents and catastrophic hurricane.

    Timeline
    1780 The Hurricane San Calixto killed around 20.000-24.000 people in the Caribbean.

    1900 the low lying community Galveston in Texas was hit by a Category 4 Hurricane that destroyed most of the wood and brick buildings in the community. Many escaped but for those how where 6000 among those how where unable leave died in the disaster. After the disaster the community was isolated when the bridges to the main land were destroyed and there was little access to water, food and medical supplies.

    1969 over 70cm of rainfall during less than eight hours from Hurricane Camille caused mudflows that killed 150 people and destroyed over a hundred homes, farmland and infrastructure in Virginia.

    1970 The Bhola Cyclone hit Bangladesh, flooding much of the country killing somewhere between 300.000-700.000 people. This is one the deadliest natural disasters in modern time. The Cyclone also caused massive damage to infrastructure destroying almost half a million homes.

    1982 The Hurricane Iwa hits the Hawaiian Island Kauai causing widespread damage and killing one person.

    1989 April 12th the Hurricane Hugo killed somewhere between 50-60 people and destroyed around 100.000 homes and resulting in billions of dollars worth of damage.

    1991 A massive Cyclone hit Bangladesh killing 130.000-150.000 people and leaving up to 10 million people homeless.

    1992 The Category 4 Hurricane Andrew destroyed 30.000 homes and damaged a 100.000 more. In Dade County the hurricane destroyed almost all of the 10.000 mobile homes in area and caused around 25-30 billion dollar worth of damage in total.

    1992 Hurricane Iniki hit the Hawaiian Island of Kauai devastating the local economy and killing two.

    1997 Hurricane Pauline released an massive amount of rain over Acapulco resulting in debris flows and flood that killed 230 People.

    1998 Hurricane Mitch brings massive damage to Central America, The Caribbean and Southern Florida killing 11.000 people, causing massive damage to housing, infrastructure and communications.

    1999 The Category 5 Cyclone Orissa hit India killing around 10.000 and leaving several millions homeless.

    2005 Hurricane Katrina killed over 1800 people and leaving several hundred still missing. A large area was affected but the most devastation took place in New Orleans where the barriers protecting the city failed resulting a severe flooding of the city. Many towns at the coastline in Missisippi also suffered massive damage to housing and infrastructure. Around 2 million people were displaced and many have been unable to return to their homes even today.
     
  10. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Part 2 of 2

    Early Warning
    With modern satellites it’s possible to see how hurricanes form and how they progress. This means that it’s possible to issue early warning when hurricanes form so that people may get out of the destructive path of the storm. This is however a complicated process for several reasons. One reason is that it is hard to predict exactly how much energy a hurricane will gather when travels over the sea and how much energy it will have when it hits a coastal line. The other major problem is that it is hard to predict exactly where a hurricane will hit and predict its exact path. These two factors mean that there will always be some uncertainty both when it comes to the exact strength a hurricane will have and when or where it will hit. It may be weaker or stronger than anticipated and may change direction and hit an area that was not predicted.

    Survival and Preparedness
    Insurance and Emergency Budget
    A Hurricane can easily destroy house, infrastructure, vehicles, businesses, farmland and many more economical and personal values. I suggest that you try to reduce your vulnerability by reviewing the setting of your home and the strength of structure – what can be done to minimize the impact if the worst would happen and how what are the likely consequences for you? If you have comprehensive food storage and other preparations for disasters they may prove to be of little use if your house will be flooded during a worst case scenario – your setting is very important.

    The other step is to make sure that you have the proper Insurance so in order to minimize the economical consequences if your home would be affected. Some personal belongings and values may never be replaced but this can help to minimize the impact of such an event. During large scale hurricanes it’s common that insurance companies can go bankrupt so getting coverage may still be a hard and long process. Having an Emergency Budget may also prove to be crucial in this types of events; a hurricane can destroy businesses and livelihoods leaving individuals with no or little income. Even if property is insured it may take a long time before you see any compensation and you may have to make until then so having savings may become very important.

    Setting
    If you live in an area that may be affected by hurricanes your setting is one of the most critical aspects of preparedness. Having a house close to the shoreline is a setting with a beautiful view but can be devastating if a hurricane hits. Remember that a hurricane can bring a mountain of water several meters high that can flood large areas, having a house on the low lands can be devastating if a hurricane hits. Some areas may be located under sea level and protected by barriers, these areas are especially vulnerable if a hurricane breaches these barriers. The indirect effect of enormous rainfall can also cause landslides in regions located a quite long distance from the coast. Areas like canyons and hills with loose soils are especially vulnerable.

    The other important aspect of your setting is the building that you live in. Hurricane winds can cause massive damage to structures. Light structures and especially mobile homes are very vulnerable and a hurricane can cause almost total damage if areas with these types of housing are affected. Roofs is one of the most crucial parts of a structure, if hurricane winds can tear a roof from a building the rest of structures will be severely weekend and vulnerable to winds. You may find some advice for guidelines in your local building codes.

    Evacuation
    Evacuating a large city or region is a complicated process. To evacuate an entire community normally takes from 30-72 hours. Normally the most vulnerable are those that are old, disabled or those how lack the access to vehicles or resources to get out of the area on their own. During large scale evacuations its common the highways get stuck with heavy traffic and that the progress of the traffic can be very slow. In 1999 a massive gridlock occurred when a hurricane warning was given in North Carolina, the hurricane did not however hit the area, but changed direction and hit North Carolina instead. Had the Hurricane hit North Carolina many could have been killed trying to escape.

    Your Vehicles is one of the most critical aspects during an evacuation. Regularly check your tiers, check your breaks and maintain your vehicle in order to make sure that it will work properly if you would need it. Also try to
    • Keep your tank as full as possible
    • Store some extra Gasoline in cans
    • Keep Bug Out Bags and the most Important belonging easy accessible
    • Stay Updated
    • Find the plan for Hurricane Evacuation from your local agencies.
    • Make a Plan for Your Family
    • Make a review of your situation before the beginning of every Hurricane Season

    Gas Stations can easily be overwhelmed during evacuations if everyone tries to get access to gas at the same time, try to keep your vehicles tank as full as possible at all times and store some extra gasoline in metal containers in your home if possible. Gas can’t be stored for an unlimited period of time so make sure that you rotate it regularly. For advice concerning equipping vehicles for emergencies see the article Travelling With Vehicles During Crisis and Survival Situations.

    Home Preparedness
    A hurricane can also cause indirect consequences for people how are not directly affected by damaging infrastructure and communication. You find yourself without electricity and running water for and its common that supermarkets sells out their stock of supplies, water and generator quickly if a hurricane is about to hit. A hurricane can also result in other dangers like the spread of disease.

    Having a basic food storage, the ability to prepare food, water, the means of sterilizing or filter water, light, medical supplies, emergency sanitation and a generator can spare you much trouble in such a scenario. For more suggestions on Home Preparedness see the articles Get The Ability To Cope With A Crisis and Equipment For Your Home – Checklist.

    Analysis
    The less resources people have the harder they are generally hit by all types of natural disasters. This is a result from multiple factors like the ability to construct strong buildings, that poor people often live in most vulnerable areas, they may lack the resources to evacuate and the resources to cope with the disaster. In rich countries its relatively few people that die in hurricanes compared to the situation in poor countries with a high population density like Bangladesh. The economical loses in rich countries tend to be very high even if the number of dead often is quite low in compared to countries with less resources. Hurricanes also present an increasing challenge from both the urbanization process that concentrate more and more people into cities and the continuing increase in world population. Today around half of the world population lives in coastal areas. Hurricanes present a large threat to the people living in areas that may be affected by hurricanes and it’s important to plan and prepare for this type of scenario if you may be affected.
     
  11. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Eleven Tips for Survival and Crisis Preparedness

    There are many Top 10 lists on various blogs and forums concerning how one does best prepare for Emergencies and Survival Situations so here is another list from Sibi Totique and The Free Online Survival Guide with an Additional Tip.

    1.) Review Your Own Situation
    Many discuss Survival and Crisis Preparedness without taking the situation of those how are trying to prepare for an Emergency into consideration. Every person has specific limitations and possibilities that preparedness efforts must be adjusted to.
    • What Kind Of Climate Do You Live In?
    • What Are The Risks You Face in Your Everyday Life?
    • What Kind of Terrain Do You Live In?
    • Do You Live In a House Or Apartment?
    • Do you live in a Urban, Suburban or Rural Setting?
    • How much Time and Money do you want to put into Preparedness?

    You can also make a more comprehensive analysis by your own situation by making a Risk Assessment.

    2.) Health and Physical Fitness
    In many countries overweight, diabetes and cardiac disease are major problems. Having good health and good physical fitness is not only a resource that may mean the difference between life and death in a survival situation – most importantly it will improve your quality of life, reduce stress and may prevent disease or illness.

    3.) Emergency Budget and Financial Stability
    Every person has a specific economic situation. Finding a balance between your income and expenses is an important part of Crisis Preparedness. Natural Disasters can result in economic loses but also every day events like job losses, accidents or a fire can be devastating without proper insurance and some extra funds available. I suggest that you approach this subject from multiple perspectives
    • Try to cut down on Expenses
    • Start to make Savings every month, even small savings is better than no savings at all
    • Keep learning more about your Jo/ Carrier or find an alternative form of income
    • Make sure that you are properly Insured

    4.) Skills and Experience
    In a real survival situation the skills and experience that you have is you’re most important tool to deal with a situation. Having theoretical knowledge about a subject is good, but actually knowing how to put this knowledge into practice is even more important.

    5.) Enhance Your Everyday Security
    Most threats that people face are not extraordinary situation like natural disasters and man-made disasters. These disasters often get the most attention in the Media but are not necessarily the threats that actually cause the most harm. Threats like fire in buildings, traffic accidents, falling in the bathtub and unsafe electrical appliances are examples of threats that people face every day. Examples of steps to reduce this type of threats:
    • Get Fire Alarms for Every Floor Of Your Home
    • Get a Fire Extinguisher and Learn How To Use It
    • Always wear a seatbelt and take it easy while in traffic
    • If you ride a bike get a Helmet
    • Systematically try to reduce threats in your everyday environment.

    Being ready for major threats is important – But don’t forget about the little ones that may not be as interesting as the big ones.

    6.) Every Day Carry
    Emergencies and Survival Situations often happens when we expects it the least. Having some basic items on your person can help you to deal with this type of events. Examples of Items that can be useful:
    • A Cell phone
    • Some Cash and a Credit card
    • A wrist Watch
    • Compact Flashlight or other Light Source.
    • A Folding Knife, Swiss Army Knife or Multi-Tool, remember to follow you on legal restrictions.
    • A Pocket Survival Kit

    7.) CPR and First Aid
    There are many emergencies that can result in bodily harm. Having the knowledge and skills to handle this type of situations can mean the difference between life and death for you, your family or family. First Aid and CPR are skills that have to be practiced with regular intervals if you will be able to use them effectively. The Red Cross and Other Organizations often offer this type of course for free or for a small fee.

    8.) Water and Food Storage
    In today’s society is fairly seldom that we see events that result in a disruption in the access to food or water, many people just have food for one or couple of days in their home and most supermarkets receive their supplies on a just in time basis. When situations occur that disrupts the access to food and water this can often result in big problems for people living in a community, this can often be the case after natural disasters like Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Hurricanes or Ice Storms. Having some basic Food Supplies that can be stored in Room Temperature, Some Water Stored and some means of Water Purification can save a family allot of trouble in an Emergency.

    9.) Basic Equipment for Your Home
    Many people may lack any form of equipment that may be useful during an emergency. A First Aid Kit, some Basic Medications, a simple flashlight, some means to start a Fire, a small camping stove to Prepare Food and a battery powered Radio so that you can receive messages from Government Agencies may save you allot of trouble if you would ever need it. I suggest that you try to get some basic supplies and items to cover the most important fields and then expand gradually. You do not have to have multiple high quality products for each fields, a few basic items will do in most situations. Crisis Preparedness does not have to be very expensive.

    10.) Get Home Bag (GHB) or Bug Out Bag (BOB)
    Your Every Day Carry provides some basic tools that you can have on an Everyday Basis but some people may feel that they want more comprehensive solutions for an Emergency or Evacuation Scenario. For these people a Get Home Bag or Bug Out Bag may be an interesting alternative. Exactly what type of kit that you should put together must be based on your own situation and needs.

    11.) Own the Process
    You have just read ten shorts tips for anyone how is looking to become more prepared for an Emergency. This tips may be useful for some readers, other readers may already have a capacity that far exceeds the steps suggested.

    This article is intended to give the readers inspiration and advice for you can find individual solutions for you, it is not a One Size Fits All Blueprint for every situation and person. The most critical aspect is that you reach the point when you feel that what you are doing is based on your individual needs, assessment and situation. Always get second opinions and more than one take on different subjects.
     
  12. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Sibi Totique: It’s Not Over Till It’s Over

    The World is Coming to an End. Things are getting darker and darker every day and soon something is going to happen. It will be swift and it will be hard. This is the basic story presented by most people in the Survivalist and Prepper movement. Everyone that is involved in the movement see this type of threads and post about all the time. Predictions made about specific dates, events and forecast. It’s happening soon – It is time to step up your efforts before it’s too late.

    In this article I will challenges some of the perceptions within the movement and discuss what we can do broaden our perspectives. It will take you around two hours to look through the material presented in this article but it will most likely increase your understanding of the world and give you some new perspectives.

    The Survivalist Narrative
    Like I wrote before the story that is most often presented within the Prepper and Survivalist Movement is the story of the Sudden collapse. The World As We Know It will fall apart basically over night and only the well prepared or lucky will make it through. This is the scenario presented in two of the most popular fictional books often recommended; “Patriots” by James Wesley Rawles and “One Second After” by William R Forstchen. In the first book the US economy breaks down, violence, collapse and a foreign invasion follows. In the second book the US gets hit by a High Altitude Electro Magnetic Pulse (HEMP) that takes out all modern electronics from computer, to cell phones, modern cars and the electrical grid resulting in the death of a majority of the US population and a following invasion.

    Our Perception of the World and Cognitive Bias
    Richard Heuer is Psychologist that used to work for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). In the book Psychology of Intelligence Analysis Heuer discuss many of the challenges the people working within the Intelligence Community face and why the often make incorrect analysis. One of the things that affect people the most is that we see what we expect to see and that different situations also affect how we perceive the world. During nighttime people are more likely to hear foot steps behind them when walking home compared to during daytime. Another critical aspect identified by Heuer is that when we have created mindset about something it resists change, no matter if there is strong evidence that suggests otherwise, new information that does not fit our first impression is changed so that it fits the original analysis or disregarded. This is something that every person does even if it is not a conscious process.

    Two Stories about The World
    A Good Story
    So how does one change an incorrect assumption about the world? This is not an easy task. One method that can be used is to research facts, if the fact does not support our perception we might simply be incorrect. But to collect and display statistics in a way that makes it possible to understand and put in relation to other facts is not easy.

    One person that has done is Hans Rosling. Rosling is a professor in public health and have been working as a doctor in countries that does not have many of the resources that hospitals in rich countries have. Rosling have the help of other created a graphical interface that allows statically information to be used to show the change within different countries over time when it comes to field like life expectancy, income, fertility rate and child mortality. This may not sound very interesting at first but I suggest that check out the video "New Insights Poverty". Its 20 min long, it will blow your mind and shake the perspective that you have of the world. Most people may assume that politicians and other top people within the business world has a good understanding of the world around them, but many of the leading people in the world has approached Rosling after he’s talks and said that they had no idea about facts the that he just showed them.

    A Troubling Story
    If you have watched the video with Rosling you might be in quite a good mood. In 2009 the French filmmaker Yann Arthus-Bertrand made one of the most troubling movies about the contemporary world. In the movie “Home” multiple questions like the Population Explosion, Peak Oil, The Depletion of Non Renewable Resources and Environmental Destruction is discussed. The movie was not made to generate profit and can be seen by anyone for free on YouTube. This is a movie that I really recommend for everyone.

    Home is not a unique movie, many similar productions have been made the last years like the National Geographic Documentary “2210 The Collapse” based on the book by Jared Diamond, “Blind Spot” and “The End Of Suburbia” just to name a few. The stories are not identical but the message that they present are very similar; The world is facing an unprecedented crisis and we are not even aware of what’s coming.

    So Where Does These Two Stories Leave Us?
    After seeing these two videos you have been presented with two versions of the world both based upon facts. They are radically different, so is does any of these two perspectives present a correct perspective of the world today? My answer would be that both perspectives are correct. Both stories are grounded in fact. The message of the two perspectives are almost the exact opposite from the other and this is a good example of why it is so difficult to understand the complexity of the world even if one has some of the facts available.

    What Should You Take With You From This Article?
    So what would I like the reader to take with them from this article? First of all that the world is not only a set of facts, how we perceive these facts shapes our perception of the world. As Preppers and Survivalist the stories that we are told within the movement makes it easy to disregard information that does not support these stories. Many also take the information presented when a major crisis occurs as a sign that the “Big One” is here. This is something that takes place every time a new threat is presented, no matter if it is the swine flu, an economic crisis or most recently the events surrounding the tsunami and nuclear crisis in Japan. Positive information is disregarded and negative information reinforced by many.

    Most people that are not Survivalist and Preppers on the other hand often totally disregards information suggesting that major disasters or accidents may occur no matter what information that is presented to them. This can make it a very frustrating process discussing crisis preparedness, prepping or survivalism with anyone that does not share this perspective since the two people do not share the same perception of the world and will not easily change this perception no matter what facts they are shown.

    So why did I write this article? I share many of the concerns that the can be found within the Prepper and Survivalist Movement, but I believe that it is important to always look at the entire picture and not just look for information that supports the conclusions that one has already made. An analysis based upon only positive or negative information will not be as accurate analysis than an analysis that also incorporates contradicting information. The other aspect is hope. Many discuss potential coming problems like they have already happened, like there is no possibility that we can overcome the problems that we face. People that give up on hope in a survival situation often die as a result. With skills, health, knowledge and the will to survive people have made it through situations that have been more or less hopeless. I believe that it is critical that one train too not only see the bad in every situations but also the positive sides and possibilities presented. This can also allow one to find solutions for problems before they manifest, instead of just sitting around and waiting for them to manifest.
     
  13. DJgang

    DJgang I put SAs on IGNORE!

    2,426
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    I would like to say thank you for this...
     
  14. Centraltn

    Centraltn Well-Known Member

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    WOW.. Thankyou!!!
     
  15. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Thank you for the positive feedback!

    The latest article:
    Sibi Totique: Get Home Bags – Examples of Setups

    In a previous article here on I have written about what type of items that can be suitable for a Get Home Bag (GHB). In this article I will present three examples of what equipment you can get for your Get Home Bag (GHB) and how much the weight of the setup would be. The suggestions are based on the initial article about Get Home Bags (GHB). The article is not an exact Guide for what you should pack but intended to provide some inspiration and suggestions for what type of items you can get. Exactly what you should pack in your Get Home Bag (GHB) depends on your own particular situation, terrain, setting, skills, health, physical fitness and many other factors. For more advice on what factors that you might have take into consideration check out the articles Get Home Bag and Building The Right Bug Out Bag For You.

    Setup 1: Ultra Light Get Home Bag
    Bag 0,4kg
    [ ] Snugpak Response Pak 440g

    Shelter 0,062kg
    [ ] Lifesystems Thermal Blanket 62g

    Survival Knife 0,241kg
    [ ] Leatherman Wave Multi Tool 241g

    Fire 0,014kg
    [ ] BIC Lighter 14g

    Light 0.046kg
    [ ] 4 Sevens Preon 2 Penlamp (22,5g+11,5g+11,5g) 45,5g

    Pocket Survival Kit 0,12kg
    [ ] ESEE Izula Gear Wallet E&E 120g

    First Aid Kit 0,112kg
    [ ] Life Systems Micro 112g

    Other Equipment 0,1kg
    [ ] Roll of Electrical Tape 100g

    Total Weight: 1,121kg = 2,5 pounds

    Summary - Setup 1This setup is very compact and light weight and does not contain any water or food. This can be an interesting type of setup for people how work very close to their home and primary want their GHB to work as recourse for their everyday life and during disasters or medical emergencies. This could also be used as an add-on for a larger Every Day Carry bag.

    Setup 2 – Classic Get Home Bag
    Bag 1,045kg
    [ ] Maxpedition Jumbo Versipack 810g
    [ ] Maxpedition Janus Extension Pocket 235g

    Clothing and Shelter 0,588kg
    [ ] Houdini Motion Wind Hat 36g
    [ ] Hatch SGK100 Street Guard Gloves 504g
    [ ] Coghlans Emergency Poncho 48g

    Survival Knife 0,18kg
    [ ] Victorinox RescueTool Swiss Army Knife 180g

    Fire 0,014kg
    [ ] BIC Lighter14g

    Light 0,191kg
    [ ] Fenix TK-15 Flashlight (155g+18g+18g) 191g

    Pocket Survival Kit 0,28kg
    [ ] TOPS Knives Survival Neck Wallet 280g

    Water 1,2kg
    [ ] Nalgene 1 Liter Widemouth (150g+1000g) 1150g
    [ ] Water Purification Tablets: Life Systems Chlorine Dioxide Tablets 50g

    Food 0,12kg
    [ ] 4 Powerbars (30g x 4) 120g

    Navigation 0,1kg
    [ ] Citymap / Topographic Map 100g

    Other Equipment 0,15kg
    [ ] Charger for your Cellphone 50g
    [ ] Rite-In-The-Rain 3” x5” Pocket Notebook 56g
    [ ] Fisher Space Pen Bullet
    [ ] Cash

    Total Weight: 3,882 = 8,5 pounds

    Summary - Setup 2
    This is a classical example of a Get Home Bag, the setup is built around a shoulder bag with an additional pocket so that you can easily store some basic items like a Cell Phone, Wallet or Compass easily accessible. The setup contains some additional clothing, an emergency poncho, a water bottle, some powerbars, a BIC lighter to start a fire, a notebook, pen, city map, compass and a cell phone charger.

    The Rescue Tool from Victorinox is especially built for first responders and has some special features like florescent handles, seatbelt cuter, saw for shatterproof glass, screwdriver and bottle opener in addition to a knife blade with a locking mechanism.

    The Fenix TK-15 is relatively compact flashlight using either two CR-123 Batteries or a rechargeable 18650 battery. These types of flashlights has a very high maximum light output with the possibility of regulating the output to a lower level in order to extend the runtime. The main advantage of this type of lights is the relatively compact size, great light output and the possibility to use rechargeable batteries and use normal CR123 batteries making them ideal for a Get Home Bag and Every Day Carry. There are many other similar flashlights on the market like the 4Sevens Maelstrom X7, Sunwayman M20C and Surefire G2X Pro.

    Setup 3: Comprehensive Get Home Bag
    Backpack 1,34kg
    [ ] Exped Mountain Pro 40 Backpack 1340g

    Shelter and Clothing 0,3kg
    [ ] EXPED Bivi-Poncho UL 380g

    Survival Knife 0.854kg
    [ ] Fixed Blade Knife: Ontario RTAK-II 854g

    Fire 0.083kg
    [ ] Lighter: Solo Storm 53g
    [ ] Tinder: 6 Cotton balls soaked in Vaseline inside a small plastic bag (5g per ball) 30g

    Light 0,124kg
    [ ] Petzl Tactikka XP Headlamp (60,5g+11,5g+11,5g+11,5g) 95g
    [ ] 4Sevens Preon 1 Flashlight (17g+11,5g) 29g

    Pocket Survival Kit 0,14kg
    [ ] Adventure Medical Kits: Pocket Survival PAK Plus 140g

    Water 2,346kg
    [ ] Water Purification Filter: Aquamira Frontier Pro 56g
    [ ] 2 Water Bottles: Nalgene Wide Mouth 1 Liter (145g+145g+1000g+1000g) 2290g

    Food 1,3kg
    [ ] 1 Real Field Meal; 24 Hour Rations from DryTech (Contains 3 Freeze Dried Meals, chocolate, biscuits, energy drinks, snacks and water purification tablets; 5000 kcal) 1300g

    Stove and Cooking 0,302kg
    [ ] Vargo Hexagon Titanium Stove 120g
    [ ] Vargo Ti-lite Mug 750ml 140g
    [ ] Vargo Long Handle Titanium Spoon 14g
    [ ] Proforce Folding Cup 28g

    Navigation 0.109kg
    [ ] Suunto Clipper Wristband Compass 9g
    [ ] Citymap / Topographic map 100g

    Total Weight: 6,898kg = 15,5 pounds

    Summary - Setup 3
    The entire setup with Backpack, Knife, Bivi-Poncho, Pocket Survival Kit, Equipment to Start a Fire, Headlamp, Flashlight and the Compass has a weight of only 2,715kg. This setup provides two Fixed Blade Knives, Multiple resources to start a fire, Two sources of light using AAA batteries, A Multifunction shelter that can be used as a Poncho and a Light Weight Cooking System.

    The cooking system enables a person to use small pieces of wood or debris to cook water on the titanium mug and the long spoon is perfect to eat from the bags for the freeze dried rations. The 24 hour rations from DryTech contain 5000kcal, more than enough for demanding activities. The rations contains 3 freeze dried meal per day and additional chocolate bars, crackers, instant coffee, water purification tablets, energy drinks and so on. The main disadvantage: All items are packed in paper and plastic making the rations quite bulky and the rations are quite expensive. The advantage: You get basically everything you need in one package and you can eat some of the content without having to heat or add water when you’re on the move.

    The Headlamp from Petzl uses 3 AAA batteries and comes with a number of lenses so that you can get red, blue or green light if you would like so. The compact flashlight from 4Sevens is light weight and an excellent backup light for any setup or for Every Day Carry.

    This is another example of a Get Home Bag that can be a good alternative for people how live in a setting where it is easy to find fire wood to use as an alternative to a normal stove that use gas, kerosene or fuel tablets. A Kelly Kettle can be a good alternative to the Vargo Titanium Stove. A Storm Lighter in combination with some cotton balls soaked in Vaseline works well as a Fire Starter in almost any setting and the some extra matches is also included in the Pocket Survival Kit from AMK. This type of setups can be a good alternative for people how work quite a long distance from their homes.

    Conclusion
    In this article I have presented three suggestions for Get Home Bags and some items that you can use when building your own setup. The setups represent an ultra light approach, a medium approach and a more comprehensive approach to the subject built around three different types of platforms. I hope that the readers have been able to find some useful information and inspiration.

    What do you carry in your own Get Home Bag and what would you add to these setups?
     
  16. Ponce

    Ponce Well-Known Member

    299
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    No matter how much I know, I can always learn something new from someone like you.........thanks.

    I would like to post your links in another site, if possible?
     
  17. lovetogrow

    lovetogrow Member

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    Westfalia - Thank you for sharing your hard work with us, and I'm looking forward to that pdf format :2thumb:
     
  18. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Survival Prep Number One: Health and Physical Fitness

    Sibi Totique: Survival Prep Number One: Health and Physical Fitness

    In The Survivalist and Prepping Movement there is often a major focus on equipment like Bug Out Bags, Flashlights, Survival Knives, Firearms, Pocket Survival Kits, Every Day Carry and Get Home Bags. One field that is often overlooked in the discussion is the subject of Health and Physical Fitness.

    Fitness
    In almost all wealthy nations and in many poor nations as well the population often suffer more problems from eating too much and a lack of exercise than they do from Famine and Starvation. Common types of problem related to this problem are overweight, diabetes and heart disease. Exercise is important for a number of different reasons; it reduces stress, burn calories and improves your physical fitness.

    Having good health is not only a critical aspect that can mean the difference between life and death in a survival situation. Being able to drag a wounded person to safety or walk that extra mile to safety can be make the difference between making it and don’t. Health and fitness it is also a vital part for living a good life and can increase the time that you will live and your quality of life. If you don’t exercise on a regular basis I suggest that you find a type of activity that you like and start exercising three times a week. Also make regular check-ups at a doctor.

    Dental Health
    Having bad teeth can be a great discomfort in your everyday life. During a survival situation your teeth is a great tool as long as they are not damaged or broken.

    Take care of your teeth; brush them two times a day and remember to exchange your toothbrush with regular intervals. An electrical tooth brush can make it easier to clean parts of clean teeth that can be hard to reach with a regular tooth brush. Also make a habit of using dental floss; Plackers and other types of dental floss makes it easier to use dental floss, if you haven’t tried them I suggest that you do. There are also different types of fluoride solutions that can be a great complement to dental floss. Avoiding eating sweets does not only reduce overweight, it also helps keeping your teeth in a good condition. If you have problems with your teeth you should always visit a professional dentist to let them help you with whatever problems you might have. Make regular checkup so that potential problem can be identified in an early stage, if you do not deal with these kinds of problems in an early stage. For emergency situations there are special medical kits from a number of companies like Lifesystems.

    Immunizations
    There are many types of disease that can be easily prevented by getting an immunization. In most countries some basic types of immunization is given the entire population but it can be a good idea to get some extra. Some of the immunizations that can be worth considering:

    Tuberculoses (TB) is a disease that is very hard to treat if one gets infected by it, it normally requires the treatment with multiple types of antibiotics for a period of around six months and there are some strains of TB that are even more resistant to antibiotics. The immunization does not offer complete immunity but reduces the chance of contracting the disease.

    Hepatitis A and B are liver infections can be prevented by getting an immunization. Hepatisis B is one of the most common causes of liver cancer and the virus is highly contagious, up to 100 times more contagious than the HIV virus. The most common way to contract the virus is through sexual contacts, children how contract from their mothers and intravenous use of drugs. There is currently no immunization against Hepatitis C.

    Tetanus is a dangerous disease with a high mortality rate that can be prevented by an immunization; the immunization must be repeated with a regular interval in order to be effective. A booster can be a good if it was more than ten years ago since you got your last shot.

    There are a number of other immunizations that can provide protection against regional diseases. Always consult your doctor before getting an immunization and ask for a recommendation.
     
  19. Westfalia

    Westfalia Well-Known Member

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    Sibi Totique: Things That You Can Do In Order To Prepare For Peak Oil

    Peak Oil just like the subject of Man-Made Global Warming is a very controversial subject that may give many a very pessimistic outlook on the future. In this post I will make some suggestions to what you can do in order to prepare for world where the access to oil is not as high as we have gotten use to.

    Personal Preparedness
    1.) Learn About The Subject
    If you don’t know anything about the subject get a overview of the subject. In order to get some basic understanding of the subject you can see a documentary like “Blind Spot” or “The End of Suburbia”. The videos from the Crash Course by Chris Martensson or ASPO TV can also be a good place to get started.

    2.) Get a Bike
    A Bike is one of the most energy efficient ways to travel with muscle power. Many persons use their cars for short trips that might actually be faster to travel by bike. Using bikes does not only save money, it also increases your physical fitness and is good for your health.

    3.) Get a Fuel Efficient Car
    If you are dependent on a car to get around one way of reducing your vulnerability is to get a fuel efficient car. This way high fuel prices will have less of an impact on your personal situation. Other ways of reducing the cost of travel by car is to
    • Always make sure that you have the right air pressure in you tiers
    • Take an eco-driving course and learn how to drive as fuel efficient as possible
    • Avoid driving at high speeds
    • Car pool with other people if possible
    • Do not drive more than necessary

    4.) Your Home
    If oil and energy process would rise there are steps you can take to reduce the economical impact that it will have on you. If you live in a cold climate increasing the insulation of your home can reduce the amount of energy required to keep it warm. Many also have high indoor temperatures, lowering the temperature inside by just a few degrees can save much energy. Examples of other actions that you can take to conserve energy:
    • Take short showers and avoid baths
    • Get low energy light bulbs
    • Turn of lights, your TV, computer and other appliances when you don’t use them.
    • Remember to check the energy efficiency when you buy electronics

    5.) Food Consumption
    If the oil prices would raise this might also increase the price of food. In many countries half of all food that is consumed gets thrown away today. If this applies to your personal situation this mean that you could basically be storing half of the food you are buying if you change your habits. In addition to this many in rich countries eat too many calories per day, not too few; overweight, heart disease and diabetes are much bigger problems than famine.

    6.) Prioritize
    Today much of the things that we consume are things that we might not actually need. Not too long ago it was common to pass on possessions like clothing, footwear, tools and other possessions from one generation to the next. When it comes to Crisis Preparedness it’s easy to get too focused on specific types of items. It is important that you balance your effort over multiple fields.
    • When you buy something try to invest in quality items that will last over time
    • Learn how to repair clothing and other items when they break
    • Take care of your possessions; tools will last much longer if you use them with care.

    7.) Start a Garden
    For many Survivalist and Preppers the dream is to have a farm or retreat and be self sufficient. However, for most this will remain a dream, over half of the world population lives in cities and the number of people living in cities increase every year. If you live in a house and you can start a garden and grow some of the food that you eat on your own, you might not be able to be completely self sufficient. But you can produce some parts of what you need. Even people living in apartments can grow some of the food or spices that they need on their own, do what you can with what you got. You may not be able to be self sufficient, but you can most likely add some food or spices to your diet.

    8.) Your Mindset
    Peak Oil as an idea that stands in direct opposition against much of what we are taking for granted today. Many of the people in the world today have grown up during a period when a rise in the standard of living and an incredibly fast technological development has taken place. The idea of continued growth is deeply rotted in our minds, institutions, media and political parties. Many are not even aware of the concept of Peak Oil even if they know that fossil fuels are non renewable recourses. We still expect them to last forever.

    The US already imports around half of the oil that’s being used every year today and domestic production is sinking every year and have been doing so since 1970 when the US Oil Production peaked. How would the American society look like if no imports were possible and only half of the amount of oil currently being used was available? How would it look if only a forth was available?

    Accepting that this could become the case in maybe just a few decades or even less time is very hard to comprehend and imagine. We might find solutions so that the access to energy will remain high, but we might just simply have to adjust to a new situation. Changing ones perception and mindset is the most critical aspect in order to be able to make this transition.

    In Your Community
    9.) Watch a documentary about the subject with your friends or family.
    "Home” or The National Geographic “2210 The Collapse?” based on the book by Jared Diamond are two suggestions, the first can be accessed for free on YouTube. Some will likely refuse the possibility, but some will learn and understand the concept.

    10.) Get Involved
    Get engaged in the Transition Network or some other type of organization that work with these types of issues. There are people that are working with Peak Oil and to promote Sustainability – You could be one of them.

    11.) Put Pressure On Your Politicians
    Many may expect that politicians and other may have a much better understand of this type of issues when they in many cases have no idea about this type of potential problems. Put pressure on your politicians and informing them about the potential problem. Are they aware about this type of problems and what are they doing about it? There are cities and communities that are actively working to reduce their dependency on oil and that do prepare for the possible consequences of Peak Oil. Your City or Community could become one of them.

    Summary
    Peak Oil is a subject that easily can get the most optimistic person pessimistic. The knowledge about the subject is still not very widespread even if the attention surrounding the subject has been increased the last years. Many within the Peak Oil Movement like Michael Ruppert the founder of CollapseNet are making very negative forecasts and believe that a Collapse is only a few months away. The message is that disaster is imminent.

    Personally I have no idea what tomorrow will bring, so don’t see any point in making predictions. The worst could happen, there are no guarantees. But it is also possible that solutions can be found. Peak Oil is a Man-Made problem, we have created the problem and it is my belief that we can overcome it. If we can spread knowledge about the problem and change our ways we can at a minimum reduce the impact that Peak Oil might have both for our societies and for us as individuals. What happens tomorrow is not written, it’s up to us to decide how it will play out.

    [ame]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jqxENMKaeCU&feature=watch-now-button&wide=1[/ame]
     
  20. stayingthegame

    stayingthegame Well-Known Member

    1,005
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    the trouble with hurricanes is that they are unpredictable. my people want to wait until the last moment to leave others are afraid to leave because of the looting that follows :cry: I lost friends and saw my loose everything because they thought it go somewhere else. I live north of where the hurricanes tend to hit, but dh and I have helped in the evacuation by treating those who could not leave and got "stuck". it was horrible. but still the following year when warnings went up many waited to see where it would hit.:nuts: by then it's to late and the roads are plugged up. people want to stay where the feel safe or where they feel they need to protect what is theirs. things can be replaced but a life can not. no matter what s.h.t.f. we must keep ourselves and our families safe even if this means leaving all that we know.