GOVSEC - Domestic Defense 2009 Wednesday, March 11, 2009 Session: 8:00AM - 4:00PM The Pentagon has approved the establishment of a 20,000-strong rapid reaction force to deal with the aftermath of a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or high-yield explosive attack on American soil. This force will be assigned to U.S. Northern Command in what is viewed as a major shift in the DoD’s role in domestic defense. THE POSSE COMITATUS ACT IN A POST 9/11 WORLD Joseph Zengerle, Executive Director, Clinic for Legal Assistance to Servicemembers, George Mason University School of Law It’s been 130 years since the U.S. military was permitted to engage in law enforcement activities on domestic soil. That is still the case, but the Pentagon’s recent approval of a rapid reaction force greatly expands the role of the military in domestic defense. This session examines the challenges ahead for such a force. ESTABLISHING RAPID REACTION FORCES ON U.S. SOIL BG Pat Donahue, Deputy Commanding General of Maneuvers, 3rd Infantry Division, Fort Stewart, GA COL Roger Cloutier, Commander, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division, Fort Stewart, GA When the U.S. Army ended its 10-year occupation of the former Confederate States in 1877, it was the last time that federal, uniformed forces engaged in law enforcement on American soil. The Posse Comitatus Act has prevented the military from being used in such as way for the last 130 years. Since 9/11, however, there have been calls for U.S. forces to become involved in natural disasters like Hurricane Katrina, or in the event of a domestic chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or high-yield explosive attack. This session examines the law, and the Pentagon’s shift to domestic defense. THE EXPANDING ROLE OF JOINT TASK FORCE-CIVIL SUPPORT & THE CBRNE CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT RESPONSE FORCE Maj. Gen. Daniel “Chip”Long Jr., Commander, Joint Task Force-Civil Support, USNORTHCOM Much of the expanding role that U.S. military forces will play in domestic defense fall upon the shoulders of the Joint Task Force-Civil Support (JTF-CS) and CBRNE Consequence Management Response Force (C-CMRF). A subordinate unit of USNORTHCOM, these forces swing into action during a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or high-yield explosive (CBRNE) situation in the U.S. or its territories and possessions. In this session, the JTF-CS commanding general briefs on the expanding role of these forces. MATERIEL REQUIREMENTS FOR DOMESTIC DEFENSE OPS COL Stephen Hearn, Director of Logistics (J-4), Joint Task Force-Civil Support, USNORTHCOM Military forces engaged in operations on U.S. soil will have a set of hardware requirements drastically different from those needed in Iraq or Afghanistan. From light vehicles to CBR (chemical, biological and radiological) protection suits to software-defined radios to transport helicopters, the acquisition of the right type of hardware will be essential to effective military response to natural disasters or a domestic attack. This session examines hardware requirements, as well as the physical infrastructure necessary to establish domestic defense forces, and possible industry response to meeting those needs. THE IMPERATIVE FOR JOINT COMMUNICATIONS Common communications among the military services, the Coast Guard, the National Guard, and state and local authorities is the proverbial Holy Grail for effective domestic defense. A number of tools are being development to interconnect command and control systems. This session examines some of them, including the Joint Forces Command’s Coalition Warrior Interoperability Demonstration program. GANGS, TERRORISTS, COPS AND THE DEFENSE DEPARTMENT COL Robert Killebrew, Consultant and Former Deputy Director, Army After Next Project, TRADOC Some experts believe that it is only a matter of time before transnational terrorism and organized crime link up and cross the U.S. border in force. This is a concern for local, state and federal law enforcement agencies. But given the expanding role for the U.S. military in domestic defense, it might also become a concern for the Pentagon. This session examines what role U.S. armed forces might play in this matter.