Just in case some of the people want to know about history before attempting to rewrite it.
Here is some food for thought in these troubling times. All of this is fact and is a matter of public record. THE CIVIL WAR WAS NEVER ABOUT SLAVERY. It was a ruse. A ploy. To make the North look better in the court of public opinion. I got an A+++++++ in Mr. Marcos 8th grade Social Studies essay contest where he told me it was the best essay he'd ever read. Based on facts. Remember, when it was written, there was no internet. Now although it's true I threw that in to be humorous, sort of. My point is if I knew all this since 8th grade, how is it possible that so many people (even learned people) are so clueless? Abe Lincoln was no hero to anyone unless you're a nationalist that could give a fig about the Constitution.
The Civil War almost happened in 1832. Prior to the Revenue Act of 1861, there was no Federal Income Tax in the US. Prior to that, 90% of federal revenue was derived from import tariffs. These tariffs varied by goods but averaged 15 to 20%. In turn, the European countries that were importing US goods charged a similar tariff rate. Nation to nation this may seem like an equitable arrangement, but domestically it was very unbalanced. The bulk of industrial goods, produced in the North, was being consumed within the US. On the other hand, 80% of the agricultural goods produced in the South were being exported. In short, the tariff was forcing the South to charge higher prices for the goods it sold, while at the same time, forcing them to pay more for the industrial goods they had to purchase. In the early to mid-1800s, the South only comprised about 30% of the US population, but it was paying about 80% of the revenue that the Federal Government was collecting.
Things came to a head in 1832, the fed had enacted two new tariffs and had effectively raised the tariff rate to almost 50%. South Carolina responded with a State Convention and articles of nullification. This nearly led to secession and armed conflict. This is known as the "Nullification Crisis". Fortunately, a compromise was reached in 1833 and the tariff rate was reduced to an average of 20%.
In the late 1850s, the US was experiencing a recession. The recession had the most effect on the industrial north. Using the recession as an excuse, in May of 1860, the federal government passed the Morrill Tariff. This effectively raised the tariff rate to 50%. This was a highly partisan act. Only one Southern Congressman, out of 50, voted in favor of the tariff.
South Carolina responded in December by seceding from the union. They were quickly followed, in January of 1861, by five more Southern states. By June of 1861, the eleven primary Southern states had all seceded from the union.
This was the major concern to the northern controlled Union Government. They knew how much they relied upon the South for federal revenue. Conversely, the general populace in the North had an attitude of "let them go". They didn't see the significance of the departure of the southern states and also most people recognized the union was designed for the mutual benefit and also recognized that each state had a right to secede.
The southern states considered the matter closed and set upon the task of forming a Confederacy and putting together a government. They had no desire for war and certainly no intention of invading the North. The only point of contention is the fact there were multiple Union Garrisons located in what was now a bordering country. South Carolina demanded the union forces vacate Fort Sumter.
Newly elected Union President Abraham Lincoln, along with the Northern Federal Government saw the situation at Fort Sumter as an opportunity to force the South (South Carolina in particular) into an aggressive act, and thereby gain popular support for military efforts to bring the south back into the Union. The entire Union Government was of the opinion the North held an overwhelming advantage of the South, based on population, and industry. An armed conflict would be quickly resolved and the South would be soundly defeated.
President Lincoln informed South Carolina Governor Francis Pickens not only would the Union not surrender Fort Sumter to South Carolina, but they intended instead to resupply the fort. On April 12th, 1861, South Carolina batteries fired on the resupply ships approaching Charleston Harbor and also fired upon Fort Sumter itself. The resulting battle lasted for one day and the fort was surrendered to South Carolina on April 14th. Ironically, no one was killed on either side, yet the North used this as an excuse to start the bloodiest war in the History of the US resulting in the deaths of over 750,000 combatants and countless civilians.
What Lincoln and the Northern government did not count on was how quickly the South would prepare for full-scale war, nor how strong the resolve of the Southern men to defend their lives, homes, and freedom would be.
The South either won or fought to a stalemate all of the early battles. Northern sentiment for the war was quickly lost and Northern men and women began to question why they were sending their husbands, brothers, fathers, and sons to die in the name of denying the Southern States their right of self-governance.
Needing a scapegoat to regain support for the war, Lincoln latched on to slavery and ending this oppression. His war against the South ultimately was no different than any other war. There had to be a scapegoat to justify the loss of life and destruction of property. The almighty dollar just didn't seem to fit the need.
Now, the entire war is blamed on slavery. This is of course incorrect. Prior to the war not a single slave had been liberated and slavery was alive and well in the North as well as the South. Slavery simply was not the driving force leading to war. It was the scapegoat that kept the wheels turning.
Here are some facts that are simply that, facts. The Civil War officially started in April of 1861 when South Carolina rightly reclaimed its Sovereign Ground. Slavery was not legally ended until the Emancipation Proclamation in September of 1862. Basically, the war had been raging for almost a year and a half before there was an official freeing of the slaves. What makes this even more ridiculous is the fact the proclamation only freed the slaves if the South continued the war effort and did not rejoin the union. In effect, if the South had laid down its arms and rejoined the union, then the proclamation would have been void and slavery would have remained legal.
Another very important fact is the Emancipation Proclamation had no effect on slaves held in the Northern states. It only applied to Southern states that continued hostilities. Here is another fact the left likes to completely ignore. The Civil War ended in April 1865. Slavery did not end in the US until the 13th Amendment was fully ratified in November of 1865.
The Civil War is constantly purported to be about slavery, yet slavery was legal in the Union for the entire duration of the war.
On a related note, the Confederate battle flag is often portrayed as being the representation of slavery in the US. This is completely false. The reality is the stars and bars of the Confederacy were very similar to the stars and stripes of the Union. This resulted in much confusion on the battlefield for both sides. The Confederacy adopted the battle flag in October of 1861. This was a benefit to both the Confederate and Union forces. War is ugly regardless, but knowing who is the beneficiary to both sides.
Ultimately, slavery began in the US in 1619 and ended in 1865. Ultimately what that means is the British flag flew over legal slavery here for 157 years. The US flag flew over legal slavery here for 89 years, including the full duration of the US Civil War. The Confederate battle flag flew over slavery in the South for only 3 years and 7 months.
97% of the Southern combatants in the civil war did not take up arms, take life, give their own life up, and at the same time watch their families be raped and murdered, while their homeland was destroyed, all so the other 3% could continue the institution of slavery.
Also, the Federal Government did not engage in this costly war for the noble cause of defending their fellow man, only to turn around and commit genocide against the Native Americans less than two years later. They murdered the Native Americans for the same reason that they murdered their Southern brothers. In the name of the almighty dollar. Shared with me by Lewis W. Fleming.